A wide collection of objects, a majority of which have come from archaeological sites within the municipal boundaries, represent the long history of the area, starting in the Upper Palaeolithic and continuing to well into the Middle Ages.
Caves such as the Vinalopó, the Sarsa, the Jerra Cave and the Monja Cave, have provided the sources for many of the artefacts on display. From the Upper Palaeolithic there is a good collection of scrapers, chisels, sharpened tips, blades, flint chippings, a bone bradawl, and remains of fauna found in the Vinalopó Cave.
The Sarsa cave is one of the most important Neolithic archaeological sites in the entire western Mediterranean and the museum holds a large number of cardium ceramic pieces; a beautifully decorated and almost intact vessel, a large collection of handles, a splendid series of fragments, examples of flint and stone instruments, bone bradawls, necklaces, remains of bracelets, other stone and bone ornaments, and a double burial that appeared in a crack in the wall.
On display from the early metallic ages of the Eneolithic there is part of a collective burial from the Gerra Cave as well as a wide selection of bone arrow heads, scrapers, flint cutting blades, a polished stone hoe, bone bradawls and fragments of pottery.
From the Iberian culture, there is the IV century BC “Lion of Bocairent”, found on the Galbis hillock and currently housed in the San Pio V Museum in Valencia. There is also an interesting display of medieval Moorish pottery found in the Monja Cave. The museum also has a large scale model showing both the inside and the outside of the Moorish Caves.